A Case Study Based Course on the Application of a Biopsychosocial Framework for LBP
Low Back Pain (LBP) is a challenging international problem that is responsible for the highest level of disability compared to any other health condition. Briggs et al (2018) also demonstrated in their meta-analysis that MSK disability has worsened by 62.6% in the first 15 years of the 21 st century. LBP and MSK conditions are the purvey of physiotherapists and other rehabilitation specialists. Globally, we are failing miserably!
What has gone wrong?
Our frameworks are too limited. We have not systematically embraced a whole-person, biopsychosocial framework, which makes room for the tissue components, when relevant. More importantly, as published in The Lancet in 2017, physiotherapists are called upon to embrace a biopsychosocial framework for LBP but have not been adequately trained.
This course will present a framework that will build on mechanical pain to incorporate two key psychosocial factors that must be addressed with everyone with LBP- self-efficacy and catastrophization. Physiotherapists are often worried about staying in their scope of practice in the psychosocial realm. Self-efficacy and catastrophization are two areas of practice that call upon the skills of a physiotherapist, namely, active treatment strategies and pain neurophysiology education.
Pelvic Health considerations in LBP will also be discussed to widen our current tissue-based considerations for LBP. Participants will leave this course with a toolbox of skills that will broaden their approach for every patient that they see with LBP. It will also leave them curious to explore further knowledge and skills in applying a biopsychosocial framework to MSK pain.